History

ChurchViewFromEntranceSide

For eight hundred years and more a Church has stood on the present site at Aston Clinton. The list of Rectors of the Parish, which can be seen on the wall in the Church beside the South door, goes back to 1232. In those eight hundred years, of course, the village has grown and altered enormously but the Church remains as an abiding link with our heritage.

Through its doors have passed countless generations of people for ordinary Sunday worship, for joyful Baptisms, cheerful weddings or sad funerals. Dressed in their ordinary clothes of the day or their Sunday best, the weathered stones have borne witness to the devotion of so many people over the years.

But the Church is no museum; it is and always will be, a living, working Parish Church open to all for worship. Our aim is not that it should merely be a beautiful 13th Century building for all to admire for its age and its beauty, but that it should be an inspiration to take part in the regular daily and Sunday services and other activities which take place in it and to say “Truly, the Lord is in this place”.

So read on and perhaps, before you switch off your computer, spare a thought for all who have worshipped in the church in the past and those who continue to do so now.

INTRODUCTION

Although no one is really certain, it is thought that Bishop Grosseteste (pronounced Growtett – Norman French meaning Big Head), Bishop of Lincoln dedicated the original church in about 1250.

THE FONT

Although what you can see today is not the original, it is standing in its original spot. It is probably a Victorian font and is very similar in style to the Pulpit which was erected in 1867.

 THE NAVE

The nave is thought to have been originally built in the 12th or 13th Century (that is some time between 1100 and 1299) but was destroyed at the time of the Restoration. It was rebuilt in the 14th Century (1300 – 1399) when the Clerestory (pronounced clear storey), with its quadrifoil shaped leaded windows, high up above the nave, was added. The pink tinted panes are the original glass.

THE HATCHMENTS

These are the diamond shaped paintings which hang high on the nave walls. They are representations of the coats of arms of squires and families who have been Lords of the Manor. They were painted on their deaths and laid on their coffins before being ‘laid up’ in the church.

The Minshulls were a medieval family, one of whom followed Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade. There is a monument on the South Aisle wall in his memory. The recurring motif on the monuments and the Hatchment is the star and crescent moon and the Saladin Crest.

The Lakes. Lord Lake of Delhi and Aston Clinton was an 18th Century General who fought in North America and in India. There is also a marble memorial to him on the north wall.

The Rothschilds were (and are) a famous Jewish banking family whose country seats in the area included Aston Clinton Park. Sir Anthony regularly entertained such distinguished guests as Disraeli and Gladstone who attended services at this church. The hatchment is, in fact, that of Lady de Rothschild and the coat of arms of her family (the Montefiores) can be seen in the right half of the shield.

THE PARISH MAP

The Parish map was dedicated on 2nd July 2000 and was prepared by the village to celebrate the millennium.

THE BALDWIN WINDOW

This stained glass window is dedicated to the Baldwin Family who were landowners in the 1500’s at Dundridge Manor at St Leonards which was then in the parish of Aston Clinton. Sylvester Baldwin was born in about 1588 and emigrated to New England with his wife and seven children in 1683. Unfortunately he died on the voyage on the 21st June of that year, but his wife and children survived and his modern American descendants have dedicated this window to his memory. The Baldwins have prospered in the New World eventually founding a dynasty which includes making Baldwin Cars which are now part of the Chrysler Corporation and Baldwin Pianos.

THE AIR CRASH MEMORIAL

This brass plaque commemorates the ten American Airmen who were killed when their plane crashed in Aston Clinton on 3rd January 1945 immediately following takeoff from Cheddington on a mission to drop leaflets over German occupied Holland. It was dedicated on 4th June 2000.

 THE CARVED STONE HEADS

It was customary for stone masons to carve caricatures of living people when building churches. It is therefore quite possible that the men and women on the capitals on the north wall of the Nave and both walls of the Chancel are faithful representations of people of this village at the time. On the south wall of the north aisle can be seen the grotesques, two evil lions and a monkey, which are a throw back to the pagan belief that evil spirits lay to the north and these heads were made to ward them off.

THE OAK PEWS AND CHOIR STALLS

The old pine pews were gradually replaced from 1953 onwards and the fine pews were installed. They were carved in Aylesbury by Webster and Cannon in English oak taken from trees felled to make way for the then new Bedgrove Estate. At the same time, as part of the overall re-ordering of the church, the Children’s Corner was created and the Altar made by Mr A A Tomkins, one of the Churchwardens. The fronts to the Choir stalls were made at the same time but the rear choir stalls only made in the 1990’s.

The pews, the choir stalls and the desk lights on the choir stalls were all paid for by parishioners and dedicated to commemorate friends and relatives.

 THE PULPIT

Although the Pulpit was erected in 1867, it is possible that it sits on a much older base, possibly from a previous wooden one.

THE CHANCEL ARCH

This once contained a Rood Screen which ran right across the Chancel from pillar to pillar. It was surmounted by a gallery (or loft) access to which was by steps leading up to it from both sides. Behind the Lectern can be seen the last remaining signs of the spiral stair and on the north side the actual steps can be seen high above the Children’s Corner. In the middle of the Rood Loft would have been a large cross with a life sized figure of Christ on it.

 THE LEWIS WINDOW

This internal window commemorates The Reverend Terry Lewis who was Rector from 1955 to 1986. It was kindly donated by his family and depicts St Michael, our Patron Saint. The artist’s sketch for this window is now our church’s logo.

THE SANCTUARY

The 14th Century stone work is exceptional and probably gives the church its Grade II* Listed status. On the south side are three Sedilia (seats) for the presiding Priests at the Eucharist and a Piscina to drain the water used to wash the Chalice. On the north side is an Easter Sepulchre where the Blessed Sacrament rested from Good Friday until Easter Day, recalling Christ’s entombment after the crucifixion. This was possibly added by the Montacutes. The head of that family, the young Earl of Salisbury, fought at Crecy in 1346. The window above the sedilia was blocked up in the mid 19th century because of subsidence.

 THE ORGAN

The organ was installed in 1894 at a cost of £280. In the 1960’s it was moved to its present position in the west end and a choir organ now occupies the space. Behind the choir organ is a ‘squint’- a small widow which enabled lepers and others unable to come into church for health reasons, to watch the administration of the sacraments.

THE TOWER

The Tower was rebuilt at the beginning of the 19th Century and the bells were re-hung at that time. The tower contains a ring of 10 bells. A separate leaflet, obtainable from the church describes both the tower and the bells.

LIST OF RECTORS

The list of Rectors of the Parish, which can be seen on the wall of the Church beside the South door, goes back to 1232. The most famous of them was George Neville, younger son of the Countess of Salisbury who was appointed in 1452 at the age of 21. He would not have resided in Aston Clinton but merely taken the money and tithes provided and paid a small stipend to a ‘vicar’ to run the parish for him. He later became Bishop of Exeter and than Archbishop of York. His elder brother was Warwick ‘The King Maker’ who was a notable figure in the Wars of the Roses. Notable among the Patrons who are shown on the same list include Henry VIII, Mary Tudor and her husband, King Philip of Spain.

Rectors since 1232
OUTSIDE

On the north wall of the Sanctuary can be seen a glass ‘window’ which encloses what is thought to have been a cupboard and is the only remaining sign of the vestry which was built at the same time as the north aisle in 1340. It was destroyed by fire.

Above the South porch can be seen a much restored Priest’s Room. It only measures 8 feet by 10 feet but in this room in the early days of this church the priest appointed by the Rector would actually live. It is reached through a low door on the west side of the south porch up a stone spiral staircase. The hand rail is the original and has never been restored since it was first placed there nearly 800 years ago.

We hope that you have enjoyed this short history. In order to experience the richness of our heritage, nothing beats seeing a building such as this in person, so do come and visit us some time. You can be sure of a warm welcome.

James Adam

 

one of three churches in the benefice of Aston Clinton with Buckland and Drayton Beauchamp